Ashley, M., Rees, S., Mullier, T., Reed, B., Cartwright, A., Holmes, L., Sheehan, E. (2021). A Natural Capital Risk Based Approach to Fisheries Management within Marine Protected Areas. In preparation/review Frontiers in Marine Science.


Rees, S., Ashley, M., Cameron, A., Mullier, T., Ingle, C., Oates, J., Lannin, A., Hooper, T. and Attrill, M.J. (2022), A Marine Natural Capital Asset and Risk Register – Towards securing the benefits from marine systems and linked ecosystem services. J Appl Ecol. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.14121

Niner, H.J., Barut, N.C., Baum, T., Diz, D., Laínez del Pozo, D., Laing, S., Lancaster, A.M.S.N., McQuaid, K.A., Mendo, T., Morgera, E., Maharaj, P.N., Okafor-Yarwood, I., Ortega-Cisneros, K., Warikandwa, T.V. & Rees, S. (2022). Issues of context, capacity and scale: Essential conditions and missing links for a sustainable blue economy. Environmental Science & Policy, 130, 25-35. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2022.01.001

Kleitou, P., Moutopoulos, D.K., Giovos, I., Kletou, D., Savva, I., Cai, L.L., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Charitou, A., Elia, M., Katselis, G., Rees, S. (2022). Interactions of non-indigenous species in commercial and recreational fisheries: A case study from the Mediterranean Sea. Fisheries Management and Ecology.

Giovos, I., Katsada, D., Spyridopoulou, R. N. A., Poursanidis, D., Doxa, A., Katsanevakis, S., Kleitou, P., ... & Hood, A. R. (2022). Strengthening Angel Shark Conservation in the Northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 10(2), 269. doi:10.3390/jmse10020269

Policy reports

Kleitou P., Hall-Spencer J.M., Rees S.E., Kletou, D. (2022) Guide to lionfish management in the Mediterranean. EU-LIFE project RELIONMED, 62 pp.


Rees, S. E., Ashley, M., Evans, L., Mangi, S., Sheehan, E. V., Mullier, T., . . . Attrill, M. J. (2021). An evaluation of the social and economic impact of a Marine Protected Area on commercial fisheries. Fisheries Research, 235, 105819. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2020.105819.

Niner, H. J. and Randalls, S. (2021) ‘Good enough for governance? Audit and marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia’, Geoforum. Elsevier Ltd, 120 (January), pp. 38–45. doi: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2021.01.009.

Niner, H. J. and Wassermann, S. N. (2021) ‘Better for Whom? Levelling the Injustices of International Conferences by Moving Online’, Frontiers in Marine Science, 8 (February). doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.638025.

Kleitou, P., Crocetta, F., Giakoumi, S., Giovos, I., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Kalogirou, S., . . . Rees, S. (2021). Fishery reforms for the management of non-indigenous species. Journal of Environmental Management, 111690. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111690.

Niner, H. J., Jones, P. J. S., Milligan, B. and Styan, C. (2021). Exploring the practical implementation of marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia. Journal of Environmental Management, 295. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113062.

Kleitou, P., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Savva, I., Kletou, D., Hadjistylli, M., Azzurro, E., . . . Rees, S. E. (2021). The Case of Lionfish (Pterois miles) in the Mediterranean Sea Demonstrates Limitations in EU Legislation to Address Marine Biological Invasions. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 9(3), 325. doi:10.3390/jmse9030325.

Policy reports

Stafford, R., Ashley, M., Clavey, L., Esteves, L.S., Hicks, N., Jones, A., Leonard, P., Luisetti, T., Martin, A., Parker, R., Rees, S., Schratzberger, M. & Unsworth, R. (2021) Marine and Coastal Systems. Nature based Solutions for Climate Change in the UK. British Ecological Society, London, UK.

Snow, B., Erinosh, B., Lajaunie, C., McGarr, D., Morgera, E., Niner, H., Hills, J., Howell, K., Sink, K., Merilainen, L., Lombard, M., Wahome, M., Mazzega, P., Wynberg, R., Febrica, S., Rees, S., Jeffrey, S., Pereira, T. & Sauer, W. (2021) How to enable transformative science during the International Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. A policy brief from the One Ocean Hub, UKRI.

Link to document


Rees, S. E., Sheehan, E. V., Stewart, B. D., Clark, R., Appleby, T., Attrill, M. J., . . . Solandt, J. -L. (2020). Emerging themes to support ambitious UK marine biodiversity conservation. Marine Policy, 103864. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103864.

Peyton, J. M., Martinou, A. F., Adriaens, T., Chartosia, N., Karachle, P. K., Rabitsch, W., ...Hall-Spencer, J. M. ... Kleitou, P. ... & Roy, H. E. (2020). Horizon scanning to predict and prioritize invasive alien species with the potential to threaten human health and economies on Cyprus. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8, 284.

Link to document

Niner, H. J. et al. (2020) ‘The pandemic push: can COVID‑19 reinvent conferences to models rooted in sustainability, equitability and inclusion?’, Socio-Ecological Practice Research. Springer Singapore, 2, pp. 253–256. doi: 10.1007/s42532-020-00059-y.

Policy reports

Hooper, T., Ashley, M., Mullier, T. and Rees, S. 2020. North Devon Marine Natural Capital Plan. Sustainability Assessment. February 2020. Report prepared for the North Devon Biosphere Reserve as part of the South West Partnership for the Environment and Economic Prosperity (SWEEP) and the Marine Pioneer programme.

Kleitou, P., Savva, I., Kletou, D., Antoniou, C., Chartosia, N., Christodoulides, Y., Christou, M., Hadjioannou, L., Hadjistylli, M., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Jimenez, C., Rees, S.E. 2020. Risk Assessment for the lionfish Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828) Prepared for the European Union in the framework of the EU LIFE project LIFE16 NAT/CY/000832.

Fisher, A., McGrath, E., Rees, S.E. 2020 - Perceptions of Green and Blue Space in Plymouth: baseline findings from the Plymouth City Survey 2020. A report for the Green Minds project by research staff at the University of Plymouth. pp24.

Ashley, M., Rees, S., Mullier, T., Reed, B., Cartwright, A., Holmes, L., Sheehan, E., 2020. Isles of Scilly Natural Capital Asset and Risk Register to Inform Management of Isles of Scilly Fisheries Resources. A report by research staff the Marine Institute at the University of Plymouth.

Authored consultation responses

Selby, I., Rees, S.E., Lowther, J., Niner, H., Williams, M. 2020. Marine Institute Consultation Response to the South West Marine Plan. Pp8.

Rees, S.E. 2020 UN Decade of the Ocean consultation response.

Morgera, E., Rees, S.E., Febrica, S. 2020 Written Submission to the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee Biodiversity and Ecosystems. Pp14.


Johnson, D. E., Rees, S. E., Diz, D., Jones, P. J. S., Roberts, C., & Barrio Froján, C. (2019). Securing effective and equitable coverage of marine protected areas: The UK's progress towards achieving Convention on Biological Diversity commitments and lessons learned for the way forward. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 29(S2), 181-194. doi:10.1002/aqc.3065.

Parry-Wilson, H. M., Rees, S. E., Leather, H., Cole, R., Rugg, C., & Attrill, M. J. (2019). Assessing behavioural and social responses to an eco-mooring trial for Zostera marina conservation management in Torbay, Southwest England. Ocean and Coastal Management, 180, 104906. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104906.

Kleitou, P., Savva, I., Kletou, D., Hall-Spencer, J., Antoniou, C., Christodoulides, Y., . . . Rees, S. (2019). Invasive lionfish in the Mediterranean: Low public awareness yet high stakeholder concerns. Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2019.02.052.

Pittman, S., Rodwell, L., Shellock, R., Williams, M., Attrill, M., Bedford, J., . . . Rees, S. (2019). Marine parks for coastal cities: A concept for enhanced community well-being, prosperity and sustainable city living. Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2019.02.012.

Hooper, T., Börger, T., Langmead, O., Marcone, O., Rees, S. E., Rendon, O., . . . Austen, M. (2019). Applying the natural capital approach to decision making for the marine environment. Ecosystem Services, 38, 100947. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2019.100947.

Brennan, C., Ashley, M.C., Molloy, O. (2019) A Systems Dynamics Approach to Increasing Ocean Literacy. Frontiers in Marine Science. doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00360

Ashley, M.C., Phal, S., Glegg, G., Fletcher, S. (2019). A Change of Mind: Applying Social and Behavioural Research Methods to the Assessment of the Effectiveness of Ocean Literacy Initiatives. Frontiers in Marine Science . doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00288

Policy reports

Rees, S.E., Ashley, M., Cameron, A. 2019. North Devon Marine Pioneer Report 2: A Natural Capital Asset and Risk Register. A SWEEP/WWF-UK report.

Rees, S.E., Hooper, T., Heard, J., Lockett, J. 2019. Natural Capital Assessment Tools for the North Devon Marine Pioneer (Phase 1). SWEEP project 002 – End of Phase one report.

Ashley, M.C., Assessment of effectiveness of ocean literacy tools. A presentation at Ocean Dialogues conference, Brussels, March 2019.

Molloy, O., Ashley, M., et al. ResponSEAble Deliverable 5.10 A Practical Guide to the Development of Ocean Literacy Materials and Products. 2019.

Link to document


Elliott, L. R., White, M. P., Grellier, J., Rees, S. E., Waters, R. D., & Fleming, L. E. (2018). Recreational visits to marine and coastal environments in England: Where, what, who, why, and when?. Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2018.03.013.

Davis, K. J., Binner, A., Bell, A., Day, B., Poate, T., Rees, S., . . . Bateman, I. (2018). A generalisable integrated natural capital methodology for targeting investment in coastal defence. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, 8(4), 429-446. doi:10.1080/21606544.2018.1537197.

Rees, S. E. (2018). Mainstreaming marine biodiversity into the SDGs: The role of other effective area-based conservation measures (SDG 14.5). Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.08.019.

Rees, S. E., Pittman, S. J., Foster, N., Langmead, O., Griffiths, C., Fletcher, S., . . . Attrill, M. (2018). Bridging the divide: Social-ecological coherence in Marine Protected Area network design. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. doi:10.1002/aqc.2885.

Policy reports

Rees, S., Ashley, M., & Cameron, A. (2018). North Devon Marine Pioneer, links between the ecosystem and ecosystem services in the North Devon Marine Pioneer.

Link to document

Tillin, H.M., Langmead, O., Hodgson, B., Luff, A, Rees, S., Hooper, T., Frost, M. 2018. Feasibility study for a Marine Natural Capital Asset Index for Scotland. Scottish Natural Heritage Research Report No. 1071.

La Bianca, Giulia., Hodgson, Ben., Erni-Cassola, Gabriel., Tillin, Heidi., Howell, Kerry., Rees S.E. 2018. A report for Ascension Islands-Natural Capital Assessment. South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute (SAERI). 81pp.

Hooper, T., Langmead, O., Marcone, O., Rees, S., Rendon, O., Börger, T., Beaumont, N., Attrill, M. and Austen, M. 2018. Application of the natural capital approach to the marine environment to aid decision-making. Report prepared for the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (project code ME5115).

Ashley, M., Rees, S.E., Cameron, A. 2018. North Devon Marine Pioneer Ecosystem Services Assessment Part 1: State of the art report of the links between ecosystem and ecosystem services in the North Devon Marine Pioneer. A report to WWF-UK by research staff the Marine Institute at University of Plymouth.

Authored consultation responses

Higgs, N., Thompson, R., Hutchinson, T., Hall-Spencer, J., McQuatters-Gollop, A., Embling, C., Rees, S., Sheehan, E. and Selby, I., (2018). Sustainable Seas Inquiry: Written Evidence from the University of Plymouth Marine Institute. University of Plymouth Marine Institute, Plymouth, UK, pp. 12.

Book chapters

Molloy, O., Ashley, M., Croosman, C., Glegg, G., Phal., S. (2018) A Framework for the Assessment of the Effectiveness of Ocean Literacy Initiatives in European Association of Geographers, Koutsopoulos, K.C., de Miguel Gonzalez, R.P, Schmeinck, D. Ocean Literacy: 21st Century Challenges. Key Challenges in Geography Series. Springer 2019 (in review).

Ashley, M., Austen, M., Rodwell, L., Mangi, S., Co-locating offshore wind farms and marine protected areas: a UK perspective, in Yates. C., and Bradshaw, C., (eds.) Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning Taylor and Francis Ltd (2018).

Hooper, T., Austen, M., Ashley, M., Co-location of offshore wind farms and decapod fisheries in the UK in Yates. C., and Bradshaw, C., (eds.) Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning Taylor and Francis Ltd (2018).


Rees, S. E., Foster, N. L., Langmead, O., Pittman, S., & Johnson, D. E. (2017). Defining the qualitative elements of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 with regard to the marine and coastal environment in order to strengthen global efforts for marine biodiversity conservation outlined in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14. Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.05.016.

Foster, N. L., Rees, S., Langmead, O., Griffiths, C., Oates, J., & Attrill, M. (2017). Assessing the ecological coherence of a marine protected area network in the Celtic Seas. Ecosphere, 8(2). doi:10.1002/ecs2.1688.

Policy reports

Rees, S., Hall-Spencer, J., Savva, I., Antoniou, C., Kleitou, P., Christodoulides, Y., Chartosia, N., Hadjioannou, L., Jimenez, C., Petrou, A., Demetriou, A., Sfendourakis, S., Kletou, D. 2017. Stakeholder Consultation and Baseline Assessment of Social Awareness on Marine Invasive Species in the Mediterranean. Preparatory Action A.1. A Report for EU LIFE Nature and Biodiversity. Preventing a LIONfish invasion in the MEDiterranean through early response and targeted REmoval (RELIONMED-LIFE) - LIFE16 NAT/CY/000832.

Policy reports

Rees S., Clingham E, Rodwell L., Glegg G., and Collins M. 2016. Marine Ecosystem Services of St Helena. Part 2: Ecosystem Service Valuations, Future Development Thresholds and Management. A report for the Environment and Natural Resources Directorate, St Helena Government by Marine Institute Plymouth University. pp 70.

Rees S., Fletcher S., Clingham E., 2016. Marine Ecosystem Services Assessment of St Helena. A report for the Environment and Natural Resources Directorate, St Helena Government by the Centre for Marine and Coastal Policy Research, Plymouth University. pp 22.

Rees, S.E., Ashley, M., Evans, L., Mangi, S., Rodwell, L., Attrill, M., Langmead, O., Sheehan, E., Rees, A. 2016. An evaluation framework to determine the impact of the Lyme Bay Marine Protected Area and the activities of the Lyme Bay Consultative Committee on ecosystem services and human wellbeing. A report to the Blue Marine Foundation by research staff the Marine Institute at Plymouth University, Exeter University and Cefas. Pp139.

Rees S.E., Foster N.L., Langmead O., Pittman S., Johnson D.E. 2016. Defining the qualitative elements of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 with regard to the marine and coastal environment. A report to the Convention on Biological Diversity expert meeting complied by the Marine Institute at Plymouth University, UK. pp. 55.

Book chapters

Hooper, T., Langmead, O., Ashley, M., (2016) Ecosystem services in Marine Environmental Impact Assessment: tools to support marine planning at project and strategic scales. In Geneletti, D., (ed.) Handbook on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Impact Assessment. Research Handbooks on Impact Assessment Series Edward Elgar Publishing, Cambridge, 2016.


Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D., Rees, S. E., Rodwell, L. D., & Attrill, M. J. (2015). IMPASEA: A methodological framework to monitor and assess the socioeconomic effects of marine protected areas. An English Channel case study. Environmental Science & Policy, 54, 44-51. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2015.05.019.

Rees, S. E., Mangi, S. C., Hattam, C., Gall, S. C., Rodwell, L. D., Peckett, F. J., & Attrill, M. J. (2015). The socio-economic effects of a Marine Protected Area on the ecosystem service of leisure and recreation. Marine Policy, 62, 144-152. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2015.09.011.

Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D., Rees, S. E., Rodwell, L. D., & Attrill, M. J. (2015). Assessing the socioeconomic effects of multiple-use MPAs in a European setting: A national stakeholders’ perspective. Environmental Science & Policy, 48, 115-127. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2014.12.020.

Gilbert, A. J., Alexander, K., Sardá, R., Brazinskaite, R., Fischer, C., Gee, K., . . . Rees, S. & Varjopuro, R. (2015). Marine spatial planning and Good Environmental Status: a perspective on spatial and temporal dimensions. Ecology and Society, 20(1). doi:10.5751/es-06979-200164.

Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D., Rees, S., Mannaerts, G., Sciberras, M., Pirie, C., Black, G., . . . Attrill, M. J. (2015). Status of the marine protected area network across the English channel (La Manche): Cross-country similarities and differences in MPA designation, management and monitoring. Marine Policy, 51, 536-546. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2014.09.021.

Jackson, E. L., Rees, S. E., Wilding, C., & Attrill, M. J. (2015). Use of a seagrass residency index to apportion commercial fishery landing values and recreation fisheries expenditure to seagrass habitat service. Conservation Biology, 29(3), 899-909. doi:10.1111/cobi.12436.

Hooper, T., Ashley, M.C., Austen, M.C. (2015). Perceptions of fishers and developers on the co-location of offshore wind farms and decapod fisheries in the UK. Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2015.06.031

Policy reports

Rees S, Foster N, Langmead O, Griffiths C. 2015. Assessment of the Ecological Coherence of the MPA Network in the Celtic Seas: A report for WWF-UK by the Marine Institute, Plymouth University and The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 2015. p. 120.

Authored consultation responses

Marine Institute. 2015. Marine Conservation Zones: Consultation on the second tranche of Marine Conservation Zones 2015. Response from the Marine Institute at the University of Plymouth. 8pp.


Rodwell, L. D., Fletcher, S., Glegg, G. A., Campbell, M., Rees, S. E., Ashley, M., . . . Covey, R. (2014). Marine and coastal policy in the UK: Challenges and opportunities in a new era. Marine Policy, 45, 251-258. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.014.

Rees, S. E., Fletcher, S., Gall, S. C., Friedrich, L. A., Jackson, E. L., & Rodwell, L. D. (2014). Securing the benefits: Linking ecology with marine planning policy to examine the potential of a network of Marine Protected Areas to support human wellbeing. Marine Policy, 44(0), 335-341. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.027.

Cinnirella, S., Sardà, R., Suárez de Vivero, J. L., Brennan, R., Barausse, A., Icely, J., . . . Rees, S., ... Turner, K. (2014). Steps toward a shared governance response for achieving Good Environmental Status in the Mediterranean Sea. Ecology and Society, 19(4). doi:10.5751/es-07065-190447.

De Groot, J., Campbell, M., Ashley, M., Rodwell, L. (2014). Investigating the co-existence of fisheries and offshore renewable energy in the UK: Identification of a mitigation agenda for fishing effort displacement. Ocean & Coastal Management. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.08.013

Ashley, M.C., Mangi S.C., Rodwell L.D. (2014). The potential of offshore wind farms to act as marine protected areas – a systematic review of current evidence. Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.09.002

Policy reports

Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D., Rees, S., Rodwell, L., Haenrick, M., Dobroniak, C., Bartlett,G., Mannaerts, G., and Attrill, M. 2014. Methods for monitoring the socioeconomic effects of Marine Protected Areas. A report for the European Union INTERREG IVA France (Channel) – England European cross-border co-operation programme. Protected Area Network Across the Channel Ecosystem Project. pp 75.

Fletcher, S., Rees, S., Gall, S. Shellock, R., Dodds, W. and Rodwell, L. 2014. Assessing the socio-economic benefits of marine protected areas. A report for Natural Resources Wales by the Centre for Marine and Coastal Policy Research, Plymouth University.

Ashley, M.C. Ecosystem service mapping in the Severn estuary and inner Bristol Channel. Report for NERC Marine Renewable Energy Knowledge Exchange Project. September 2014, RSPB and Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth 99pp.

Rodwell L., Campbell M., de Groot J., Ashley M. Fisheries and marine renewable energy interactions, A summary report on the Fisheries and Renewable Energy Working Group workshop, held York April 2013 for the NERC Marine Renewable Energy Knowledge Exchange programme. Report prepared by The Centre for Marine and Coastal Policy Research, Plymouth UK (April 2014).

Syvret M., Fitzgerald A., Ashley M., Ellis Jones C. Aquaculture in Welsh offshore wind farms: A feasibility study into potential shellfish cultivation in offshore wind farm sites a report produced by Aquafish solutions to Shellfish association of Great Britain and MMO 2014.


Rees, S. E., Rodwell, L. D., Searle, S., & Bell, A. (2013). Identifying the issues and options for managing the social impacts of Marine Protected Areas on a small fishing community. Fisheries Research, 146(0), 51-58. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2013.04.003.

Rees, S. E., Sheehan, E. V., Jackson, E. L., Gall, S. C., Cousens, S. L., Solandt, J. -L., . . . Attrill, M. J. (2013). A legal and ecological perspective of ‘site integrity’ to inform policy development and management of Special Areas of Conservation in Europe. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 72(1), 14-21. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.03.036.

Rees, S., Fletcher, S., Glegg, G., Marshall, C., Rodwell, L., Jefferson, R., . . . Wynn, R. (2013). Priority questions to shape the marine and coastal policy research agenda in the United Kingdom. Marine Policy, 38, 531-537. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.09.002.

Rees, S. E., Attrill, M. J., Austen, M. C., Mangi, S. C., & Rodwell, L. D. (2013). A thematic cost-benefit analysis of a marine protected area. Journal of Environmental Management, 114, 476-485. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.10.048.

Attrill M., Godley B., Thompson R., Truebano M., Bicknell A., Votier S., Inger R., Embling C., Witt M., Sheehan E., Ashley M. Marine Renewables, Biodiversity and Fisheries. Report produced by The Marine Institute, University of Plymouth for Friends of the Earth, April 2013.

Policy reports

Ashley M.C. Industry - Research collaboration to identify how better use of existing research and available tools could reduce project risk to streamline consenting within the South West Marine Energy Park. (NERC Funded Business and Policy Internship - Marine Renewable Energy, with Regen SW and Plymouth Marine Laboratory). Project report prepared for NERC July 2013.

Ashley M., Campbell M., de Groot J., Rodwell L., Assessing fisheries effort displacement as a result of developing a UK network of MPAs and offshore energy development. Report prepared for NFFO and Seafish, Plymouth, April 2013.

Authored consultation responses

Attrill, M., Higgs, N., Dodds, W., Fletcher, S., Friedrich, L., Gall, S., Jefferson, R., Langmead, O., Rees, S., Pittman, S., Sheehan, E. 2013. Marine Conservation Zones: Consultation on proposals for designation in 2013. A Response from the Marine Institute at Plymouth University for the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). 12pp.

Marine Institute. 2013. Marine Conservation Zones: Consultation on proposals for designation in 2013. Response from the Marine Institute at the University of Plymouth. 12pp.


Rees, S. E., Austen, M. C., Attrill, M. J., & Rodwell, L. D. (2012). Incorporating indirect ecosystem services into marine protected area planning and management. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, 8(3), 273-285. doi:10.1080/21513732.2012.680500.

Book chapters

Plater, A. J., Rice, J. C., Glegg, G., Hansson, S., Koutrakis, M., Mangi, S., Rees, S., . . . Vrgoc, N. (2012). Review of existing international approaches to fisheries management: The role of science in underpinning the ecosystem approach and marine spatial planning. In S. Kidd, A. Plater, & C. Frid (Eds.), The Ecosystem Approach to Marine Planning and Management (pp. 131-204). Routledge. 10.4324/9781849775533.


Rees, S. E., Rodwell, L. D., Attrill, M. J., Austen, M. C., & Mangi, S. C. (2010). The value of marine biodiversity to the leisure and recreation industry and its application to marine spatial planning. Marine Policy, 34(5), 868-875. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2010.01.009.

Authored consultation responses

Marine Institute. 2009. DEFRA consultation on delivering Marine Conservation Zones and European Marine Sites (a draft strategy for marine protected areas) and the Draft Guidance Notes 1-4. Response from the Marine Institute at the University of Plymouth. 18pp.

Authored consultation responses

Marine Institute 2008. JNCC 2008 Consultation on guidance relating to the offence of deliberate disturbance of marine European Protected Species. Response from the Marine Institute at the University of Plymouth. 8pp.

Mee, L., Stevens, T., Rees, S and Marshall C. 2008. DEFRA Consultation on measures to protect biodiversity in Lyme Bay; Response from the Marine Institute at the University of Plymouth. 11pp.